The extreme right-wing Austrian Identity Movement (German: Identitäre Bewegung Österreich) organization has begun to come to terms with its recent actions. The organization basically argues that the identity question plays an important role in all important developments of the 21st century.
IBÖ believes in the importance of ethnocultural identity. All members of the organization think that all nations should protect their identities. What is interesting is that an organization that makes the distinction between “us” and “others” are saying that they are against racism and they want only to protect their cultures.
In this report, data on formation, structure, and activities of the movement will be presented.
1. Formation of Austrian Identity Movement
Austrian Identity Movement / IBÖ was established as an umbrella organization of identity movements in the capital Vienna, Graz, Salzburg and Linz cities in 2012
The first act, with 9 members, is organized against refugees who take refuge in Votiv church in Vienna in 2013.
In 2014, IBÖ organized its first joint demonstration with other identity organizations in Europe in Vienna.
Thousands of people are believed to have joined the march in November and December of 2015
IBÖ, which calls 2015 the year of “illegal immigrants,” says they make “patriotic demonstrations” even more professional.
Referring to the sexual harassment incidents in Germany, especially in Cologne, during the New Year’s celebrations in 2015 IBO shows the existence of foreigners as a cause for those crimes. The IBÖ, who said that the media can not hide the situation anymore, regards 2016 as “their year“.
2. Requests of Austrian Identity Movement
Patriotic consensus: Patriotism in Austria should gain naturalness. It should not be regarded as a crime.
Termination of mass migration: Austria is the country of Austrians. Migration can sometimes contribute to communities, but this is not the case today. Migration leads to change and transformation. For this reason, it should come to end.
Encouragement of regional traditions: While Austrian traditions are not promoted, foreign cultures enjoy overwhelming support. However, Austrian identity should be a priority
3. Some Actions
March 22, 2017: IBÖ members in the roof of the Turkish Embassy in Vienna opened a banner on the front of the building, writing “Erdogan takes the Turks home” on the silhouette of Prince Eugen (former Austrian commanders)
November 29, 2016: IBÖ members cover the Vienna Maria-Theresien monument with a burqa.
September 5, 2016: IBÖ members wearing the chador in Vienna protested against another group that supports hijab. The group also insulted religionists and immigrants with banners that they opened
28 August 2016: about 100 İBÖ members gathered with Austrian flags in Vienna; in front of The European Union of Turkish Democrats (UETD). There were these sentences in the banners: “European open border policy is dead, Islamism is stopped”.
4. The danger that Austrian Identity Movement poses
For the first time in the Austrian Ministry of Interior’s Constitutional Protection Agency’s 2014 report, Austrian Identity Movement was taken within the category of “New Right”. However, no detailed information has been given about the structure and actions of the organization.
It is noteworthy that the report of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) published monthly since 2016 (including the situation of refugees/immigrants in EU countries receiving intense immigration). In the August 2016 report of the FRA, it was written that 4 of the 8 racist demonstrations recorded in Austria in that month were carried out by IBÖ.