Towards An Efficient System
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, UNHCR Turkey, together with the Turkish Government and with the support of the European Union (EU), has launched the project “Reinforcement of Turkey’s National Asylum System” on the last week. The €2.7 million project will hold up Turkey in its efforts to establish an efficiently organized national asylum system over a three year period. The Central Finance and Contracts Unit (CFCU) is the contracting authority of the project and the Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM) is the direct beneficiary.
Turkey now hosts the largest number of refugees in the world, including more than 3 million Syrian refugees and some 320,000 asylum-seekers and refugees from other nationalities. While dealing with a mass influx of refugees during the past years, the Government of Turkey has established a robust rights-based asylum framework through the Law on Foreigners and International Protection (LFIP), which regulates access to rights, entitlements and obligations of all persons in need of international protection.
Throughout the projects, that last 3 years, UNHCR Turkey will organize trainings, study tours, and field visits to strengthen the capacity of the DGMM staff. The project will also include the staffs of the Ministries of Justice, Family & Social Policies as well as the NGOs and the Bar Associations. All works aimed to enhance the qualification and capacity of the staff interested in the migration management. So, refugees seem to be the final beneficiaries of the project.
Legal Basis: Geographical Limitation
Turkey was one of the countries that signed the convention even though it put a geographical limitation which means the country only accepts refugees from members of the Council of Europe. The key document in Turkey for the regulation for foreigners is Law on Foreigners and International Protection enshrined on April 2013 and came into force on April 2014.
Immediately after the flux of refugees began, Ankara implemented a law pertaining to foreigners who were either forced to leave, could not return to their country of citizenship or arrived at Turkish borders. Thus and so, Turkey guaranteed a safeguard to these people. Nonetheless, they are defined as geçici sığınmacı (temporary asylee) instead of refugee.